[33] Originally, a Rodman gun was placed on each corner, and a pyramid of shot adorned the center of the lid. Meigs was born in Augusta, Georgia, in May 1816. In. Because of the way the 28 sections are modified and mixed up, only somewhat careful examination reveals the frieze to be the same figures repeated over and over. Meigs County is located in southeastern Ohio. The War Department commissions the twenty-six graduates of the West Point class of 1863 10/03/1864 Brevet Major John R. Meigs, son of General Meigs, is killed by guerillas in Virginia Secretary of State William H. Seward's estimate was "that without the services of this eminent soldier the national cause must have been lost or deeply imperiled.". Meigs County Civil War Days. [9], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}42°13′50.13″N 71°8′3.00″W / 42.2305917°N 71.1341667°W / 42.2305917; -71.1341667, Former military forts, reservations, and camps in, 18th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 24th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Unattached Companies Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, List of military installations in Massachusetts, "Civil War Training Camps in Massachusetts, Part One", "Camp Meigs and the U. S. General Hospital at Readville, MA", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Camp_Meigs&oldid=994293050, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 23:57. Meigs County Photos. Collection Tree. Meigs died at home at 5:00 pm on January 2, 1892. The Ohio History Connection maintains a monument to the Battle of Buffington Island in Meigs County. The former camps were merged into Camp Meigs in August 1862. In, Herrin, Dean A. Find out more at the Meigs County Museum. Before his war activities, Meigs had been involved in the construction of the Washington Aqueduct as well as the reconstruction of the Capitol. Meigs continued to push the issue and, after considerable effort, finally got his wish. They operated out of sixteen major depots, which formed the basis of the system of procurement and supply throughout the war. [United States, ?] An influential American journalist of the late nineteenth century, Ambrose Bierce (1842 c. 1914) was born in Meigs County and reared in Kosciusko County, Indiana. This was the only battle to occur in Ohio. A new Captain who had already served over twenty four years in the Army. Brigadier General Montgomery C. Meigs. [17] In May 1864, Union forces suffered large numbers of dead in the Battle of the Wilderness. Within a few days, it turned into pneumonia. After the war, Meigs built Arlington Cemetery (on land that had been Robert E. Lee’s home). [43] He, in turn, sold the estate back to the U.S. government for $150,000 in 1883. [1] It was combined from the former Camp Brigham (formed to train the 18th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry)[2][3] and Camp Massasoit (formed to train the 24th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry)[4][5] and trained the 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, among others. Quartermaster General of the U.S. Army Montgomery C. Meigs (1816-1892) was a logistical mastermind. On the west face was an inscription describing the number of dead in the vault below, and honoring the "unknowns of the Civil War". MEIGS COUNTY IN THE CONFEDERATE WAR. Civil War Maj Gen Meigs Re: Painting as a Profession Back to Catalog. This greatly increased the number of staff needed to administer the new benefits system. [2][3] His grandfather, Josiah Meigs, graduated from Yale University (where he was a classmate of future dictionary creator Noah Webster and American Revolutionary War general and politician Oliver Wolcott), and later was president of the University of Georgia. But Meigs, chief logistician of the growing United States Army, argued in favor of action. Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (/ˈmɛɡz/; May 3, 1816 – January 2, 1892) was a career United States Army officer and civil engineer, who served as Quartermaster General of the U.S. Army during and after the American Civil War. The time was 1862, and the principals in this small footnote to history were Abraham Lincoln and Brevet Brigadier General Montgomery C. Meigs. It was he who designed the addition to the Smithsonian Institution which is today called the Arts and Industries Building. The remains of 2,111 unknown soldiers, recovered from battlefields in the vicinity of Washington, were sealed in the vault. In 1870, he ordered that a "Sylvan Hall"—a series of three cruciform tree plantings, one inside the other—be planted in the "Field of the Dead" (in what is now Section 13). A skirmish occurred in the area on November 13, 1863 during an artillery duel. [42] Meigs himself designed the amphitheater. From 1866 to 1868, to recuperate from the strain of his war service, Meigs visited Europe. Meigs County was named for Col. Return Jonathan Meigs from Connecticut who served in the Revolutionary War and was head of the Cherokee Agency from 1801 until his death in 1823. [20] Meigs ordered that the estate be surveyed and that 200 acres (81 ha) be set aside for use as a cemetery. [10] He enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania when he was only 15 years old. He was born in Augusta, Georgia. This historical marker memorial is listed in these topic lists: Heroes • Military • Patriots & Patriotism • War, US Civil. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 Meigs County (Source: Explore Ancestry for free) ($) Miscellaneous Data In his early assignments, Meigs helped build Fort Mifflin and Fort Delaware, both on the Delaware River, and Fort Wayne on the Detroit River. The Temple was a round, Greek Revival, temple-like structure with Doric columns supporting a central dome. When Philip Sheridan was asked to comment on the building, his reply echoed the sentiment of many of the Washington establishment of the day, that the only thing that he could find wrong with the building was that it was fireproof. [10] He excelled in his studies at West Point, although he himself said he spent too much time at athletics and outdoor activities. Recently appointed to his position as the army’s Quartermaster General, Meigs had to consider the cost and feasibility of waging a war as Scott envisioned it. [3] Montgomery Meigs' mother, Mary, was the granddaughter of a Scottish family from Brigend (with somewhat distant claims to a baronetcy) which emigrated to America in 1701. In addition to equipping and supplying the Union Armies during the Civil War, General Meigs supervised the construction of the Washington Aqueduct and the dome and wings of the United States Capitol. Following the end of the Civil War, the US Congress passed legislation that greatly extended the scope of pension coverage for both veterans and their survivors and dependents, notably their widows and orphans. Brigadier General René Edward De Russy was living in Arlington House at the time and opposed the burial of bodies close to his quarters, forcing new interments to occur far to the west (in what is now Section 1 of the cemetery). Built of red sandstone and red brick, the name "MCCLELLAN" tops the simple rectangular gate in gilt letters. It was torn down and rebuilt in 1879, but the work went very slowly. Meigs had already made a name for himself as a builder and architect in Washington DC before the war (he was responsible for, among other projects, the … Civil War . List of American Civil War generals (Union), "Md. Arlington United States Virginia, 1866. Meigs County Photos. Mexican War, 1846-1848 -- Ohio, Ohio -- History Civil War, 1861-1865 Registers, United States -- History Civil War, 1861-1865 Registers Publisher Akron : Werner Co Collection cdl; civilwardocuments; americana Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor University of California Libraries Language English Volume 3 His father was Major General Montgomery Cunningham Meigs, who was also in the Civil War. He also left … The completed building, sometimes referred to as "Meigs's Old Red Barn", was created by using more than 15,000,000 bricks,[51] which, according to the wits of the day, were all counted by the parsimonious Meigs. Introduced to President Lincoln by Secretary of State William Seward, Meigs became Lincoln’s Quartermaster, in charge of supplies. This Montgomery Meigs mug is part of our Civil War Series profiling participants in the War Between the States. View original. In the American army, one of the popular truisms is "amateurs study tactics, while professionals study logistics," and the US Army's most famous logistician was Montgomery Meigs, the Quartermaster General of the Union armies in the Civil War. A circular walk, centered 45 feet (14 m) from the center of the memorial, provided access. [31], Meigs himself designed and implemented most of the changes at the cemetery in the 15 years after the war. [25] The younger Meigs was laid to rest in Oak Hill Cemetery in Georgetown in Washington, D.C. MEIGS COUNTY COMPANIES. [38] A year later, Meigs ordered the McClellan Gate constructed. From 1875 to 1876, he made another visit to study the organization of European armies, this time with nephew and Army officer Montgomery M. Macomb assigned as aide-de-camp. He commanded Ulysses S. Grant’s base of supplies that … For months the Union situation had been deteriorating, and … MEIGS COUNTY COMPANIES. The quartermasters supervised their own soldiers, and cooperated closely with state officials, manufacturers and wholesalers trying to sell directly to the army; and representatives of civilian workers looking for higher pay at government factories. He sustained Sherman’s army in Georgia, and the March to the Sea. Meigs played a critical role in developing Arlington National Cemetery, both during the Civil War and afterward. Historians credit the achievements to Meigs. [49] After his retirement on February 6, 1882, he became architect of the Pension Office Building, now home to the National Building Museum. Civil War Maj Gen Meigs Re: Painting as a Profession Back to Catalog. The complex system was closely monitored by congressmen anxious to ensure that their districts won their share of contracts. Meigs County Telegraph, November 2, 1870 The Soldier Dead of Meigs County As this is the last time the list will be published, it is especially requested of all who notice ommissions (sic) or mistakes in the subjoined list of soldiers' names, that … Buberl and Meigs agreed to a design in which scenes of infantry, cavalry, artillery, and sailors, as well as a quartermaster, medical personnel, and a black teamster—whom Meigs insisted “must be a negro, a plantation slave, freed by war”—would proceed around the building. Due to the orders placed by Gov. Category Archives: Meigs 5th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry Regiment Posted on November 27, 2016 by Also called 5th East Tennessee Infantry Regiment Organized at Barboursville, Kentucky, with six companies, March 28, 1862; mustered out at … He was the son of Dr. Charles Delucena Meigs and Mary Montgomery Meigs. Captain N. J. Lillard's Company. Meigs stood at the front door of the house for the rest of the deathwatch. . He also served under the command of then-Lt. Robert E. Lee to make navigational improvements on the Mississippi River. Meigs based his design on Italian Renaissance precedents, notably Rome's Palazzo Farnese and Palazzo della Cancelleria. Although most burials initially occurred near the freedmen's cemetery in the estate's northeast corner, in mid-June 1864 Meigs ordered that burials commence immediately on the grounds of Arlington House. On the eve of the Civil War, the regular United States Army consisted of 16,000 soldiers, most of which were deployed out west. Son of Return (#29) and Elizabeth (Hamlin) Meigs. The Ohio History Connection maintains a monument to the Battle of Buffington Island in Meigs County. Meigs ordered that stone columns, pediments, and entablatures which had been saved from the Patent Office be used to construct the Temple of Fame. Died 2 Jan 1892 in Washington DC. May 1861 - February 1882. Just before the outbreak of the Civil War, Meigs and Lt. Col. Erasmus D. Keyes were quietly charged by President Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of State William H. Seward with drawing up a plan for the relief of Fort Pickens, Florida, by means of a secret expedition. Lincoln was impressed with Meigs’ abilities and accomplishments as an Army officer and engineer. He called on Meigs in the opening days of the Civil War to meet the emergency needs of a nation newly thrust into combat. When many of Meigs County’s soldiers marched off to war, they headed to Camp Sherman, near Chillicothe, Ohio. During the first year of the Civil War, Montgomery Meigs was a important military adviser for President Lincoln when there were few experienced army officers in Washington he could talk to with confidence. Return Jonathan Meigs (#90) is the first of the Meigs by this name. . "Montgomery Cunningham Meigs." In August 1864, 26 bodies were buried along the perimeter of Mrs. Lee’s rose garden within a few yards of the mansion. He attended the University of Pennsylania, and then transferred to the United States Military Academy where he graduated 5th in the class of 1836. Meigs revolutionized contracting practices during the Civil War. Meigs was chosen to design and construct the new building, now the National Building Museum. The Temple of Fame was demolished in 1967.[47]. View all 13 items. Meigs County Civil War Memorial on the grounds of the County Courthouse in Pomeroy, Ohio . Inscribed on the pediment supporting the dome were the names of great Americans such as George Washington, Ulysses S. Grant, Abraham Lincoln, and David Farragut. During the Civil War a company of Union troops were stationed at the mouth of the Hiwassee River to guard grain supplies stored on Hiwassee Island. The National Building Museum was also designed by Meigs. The Officers: Montgomery Meigs (1816-1892) Mrs. Montgomery (Louisa Rodgers) Meigs. ", Field, Cynthia R. "A Rich Repast of Classicism: Meigs and Classical Sources." The United States Army in April, 1861. According to the Ohio History Connection, “When the United States entered the First World War in April 1917, the nation was not fully prepared for the war effort. Charles Meigs received his MD from the University of Pennsylvania in 1817, and that summer he moved his family—which now included one-year-old Montgomery—to Philadelphia and established a practice there. Artillery, but most of his army service was with the Corps of Engineers, in which he worked on important engineering projects. Lt. Meigs was killed, one man was captured, and one man escaped. Civil War . He called on Meigs in the opening days of the Civil War to meet the emergency needs of a nation newly thrust into combat. [27] Shortly after arriving at Seward's home, Meigs learned of the shooting of Lincoln. 14th Quartermaster School Commandant. He was born in Augusta, Georgia. Lieutenant Colonel Revolutionary War, a first settler of Ohio, Cherokee Indian Agent. It was during the Civil War that Meigs became a national hero. ... Category Archives: Meigs 5th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry Regiment. It is great to read a biography about the Civil War’s important support staff. By World War II, the site was largely abandoned, although U.S. Navy pilots from Squantum Naval Air Station flying their Stearman biplanes would practice "touch and go" landings on the remnants of the old oval track. . 1, pp. Sod was laid around the memorial, and planting beds filled with annual plants emplaced. [4], Meigs' father apprenticed as a physician in Philadelphia until 1812, at which time he moved to Athens, Georgia. His feelings led directly to the establishment of Arlington National Cemetery. As the Union Army's quartermaster general, dispatching men and equipment to the scattered battlefields of the war, Meigs was one of the few Union generals who proved his competence from beginning to end. Within weeks, his staff reported that Arlington Estate was the most suitable property in the area. During the first year of the Civil War, Montgomery Meigs was a important military adviser for President Lincoln when there were few experienced army officers in Washington he could talk to with confidence. [23], In October 1864, his son, 1st Lieutenant John Rodgers Meigs, was killed at Swift Run Gap in Virginia and was buried at a Georgetown Cemetery. It was he who designed the addition to the Smithsonian Institution which is today called the Arts and Industries Building. In 1882, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled in United States v. Lee that the seizure of the Arlington estate at a tax sale by the United States was illegal, and returned the estate to George Washington Custis Lee, General Lee's oldest son. [29] Meigs hated Lee for betraying the Union,[30] and ordered that more burials occur near the house to make it politically impossible for disinterment to occur. He broke away from the established Greco-Roman models that had been the basis of government buildings in Washington, D.C., until then, and was to continue following the completion of the Pension Building. For months the Union situation had been deteriorating, and … Meigs, M. C. (1866) Civil War Unknowns monument, designed by Montgomery Meigs and dedicated in , at Arlington Cemetery. His favorite prewar engineering project was the Washington Aqueduct, which he supervised from 1852 to 1860. Location. Stay safe and stay healthy. Thousands of Confederate and Union soldiers fought in battles such as Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Chattanooga, Cold Harbor and Petersburg. Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Template:PronEng) (May 3, 1816 – January 2, 1892) was a career United States Army officer, civil engineer, construction engineer for a number of facilities in Washington, D.C., and Quartermaster General of the U.S. Army during and after the American Civil War. Topics. [7] It was the busiest training camp in Massachusetts.[6]. Rhea County was established in 1807 and included land on the northwest side of the Tennessee River. Civil War Union Army Officer. Meigs's correspondence with Buberl reveals that Meigs insisted that one teamster, "must be a negro, a plantation slave, freed by war," be included in the quartermaster panel. Isham G. Harris, then the Governor of the State of Tennessee, being called upon for troops to … He fought in the Union Army during the Civil War, a formative experience related in . Brigadier General René Edward De Russy was living in Arlington House at the time and opposed the burial of bodies close to his quarters, forcing new interments to occur far to the west (in what is no… General orders issued at the time of his death declared, "the Army has rarely possessed an officer ... who was entrusted by the government with a great variety of weighty responsibilities, or who proved himself more worthy of confidence."[53]. Upon the resignation of Floyd a few months later, Meigs was recalled to his work on the aqueduct at Washington.[16]. Camp Meigs is a former American Civil War training camp that existed from 1862 to 1865 in Readville, Massachusetts. [5] The Meigs family was wealthy and well-connected, and Charles Meigs was a strong supporter of the Democratic Party. Montgomery C. Meigs, (born May 3, 1816, Augusta, Ga., U.S.—died Jan. 2, 1892, Washington, D.C.), U.S. engineer and architect, who, as quartermaster general of the Union Army during the American Civil War, was responsible for the purchase and distribution … It was also the home of Robert E. Lee, future General-in-Chief of the Confederacy, and denying Lee use of his home after the war was a valuable political consideration. [19] In December 1865, Robert E. Lee's brother, Smith Lee, visited Arlington House and observed that the house could be made livable again if the graves around the flower garden were removed. He commanded Ulysses S. Grant’s base of supplies that made Union victories, including Gettysburg, possible. But just below the name was inscribed the name "MEIGS"—a tribute to himself which Meigs could not help making. The military planners supplying America's Afghan War with troops and arms probably haven't spared a thought for the Civil War career of Montgomery C. Meigs. Marker is at the intersection of 2nd Street and Mulberry Avenue, on the left when traveling east on 2nd Street. Of his work in the quartermaster's office, James G. Blaine remarked: Montgomery C. Meigs, one of the ablest graduates of the Military Academy, was kept from the command of troops by the inestimably important services he performed as Quartermaster General. Before his war activities, Meigs had been involved in the construction of the Washington Aqueduct as well as the reconstruction of the Capitol. A skirmish occurred in the area on November 13, 1863 during an artillery duel. [54][55] Their children included: Role in developing Arlington National Cemetery. After the Civil War, he was a member of the Commission for the Reform and Reorganization of the Army. Montgomery Cunningham Meigs (Template:PronEng) (May 3, 1816 – January 2, 1892) was a career United States Army officer, civil engineer, construction engineer for a number of facilities in Washington, D.C., and Quartermaster General of the U.S. Army during and after the American Civil War. It was, perhaps, one of the darkest moments of the entire Civil War. Meigs’ reasons ran deeper than an over-inflated sense of easy victory over the enemy. Also called 5th East Tennessee Infantry Regiment Organized at Barboursville, Kentucky, with six companies, March 28, 1862; mustered out at Nashville, March 29 through June 30, 1865. After the war, Meigs built Arlington Cemetery (on land that had been Robert E. Lee’s home). It was transcribed by Cheryl Hartley. March 13th 2017. A career U.S. Army officer, engineer, architect and United States Military Academy graduate who served as Quartermaster General of the U.S. Army during the U.S. Civil War and beyond. Mexican War, 1846-1848 -- Ohio, Ohio -- History Civil War, 1861-1865 Registers, United States -- History Civil War, 1861-1865 Registers Publisher Akron : Werner Co Collection cdl; civilwardocuments; americana Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor University of California Libraries Language English Volume 3 [10], The Meigs family had extensive ties to the military and to West Point, the United States Military Academy. Montgomery Meigs, caught up in the nationalistic fervor of the time, wished to serve in the army. It involved the construction of the monumental Union Arch Bridge across Cabin John Creek, designed by Alfred Rives, which for 50 years remained the longest single-span masonry arch in the world. [33], Meigs made additional major changes to the cemetery in the 1870s. [20], While the Confederacy never had enough supplies and it kept getting worse, the Union forces typically had enough food, supplies, ammunition and weapons. He alone decided who was admitted to the house. To the end of his life, Meigs believed that his son had been murdered after being captured—despite evidence to the contrary. Ulbrich, David. East, Sherrod E. "Montgomery C. Meigs and the Quartermaster Department. Notoriously prickly, Meigs clashed with both the architect Thomas U. Walter and the Buchanan administration’s secretary of war, John Floyd, who ultimately banished Meigs until the start of the war, when President Lincoln brought him back to help organize the defense of Fort Pickens, Fla. Lincoln then placed him at the head of the quartermaster’s office, in charge of supplying the entire Army. 1890 Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War Meigs County (Source: FamilySearch) Camp Scott (Source: Ohio History Central) World War I . Meigs was one of the principal architects of Arlington National Cemetery; the choice of its location, on Robert E. Lee's family estate, Arlington House, was partly a gesture to humiliate Lee for siding with the Confederacy. By May 31, more than 2,600 burials had occurred in the cemetery, and Meigs ordered that a white picket fence be constructed around the burial grounds. , in turn, sold the Estate Back to Catalog the rest of the changes at the of. `` Montgomery C. Meigs and Classical Sources. War of 1812 top three students French. Up the Confederate attack on fort Sumter fell on the northwest side of the changes at University! By a knife-wielding assailant the new Building was needed to House them service! Camp in Massachusetts. [ 47 ] work to ensure that the Lee family could take. In favor of action, 1864 was brevetted to major General on 5! Thrust into combat Confederate attack on fort Sumter fell on the grounds of the,., he was the ability to foresee what would be required by the Norfolk Agricultural,. Page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at Arlington Cemetery names of Union Civil training. Most of the District of Columbia after the War was laid around memorial. 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