The Croatian Council for Cultural Heritage(8) has a president and eight members. Still, at the beginning it is important to remember that cultural policy is somewhat specific in comparison with other public policies, because the effective implementation of the majority of cultural policy measures generally depends on the civil society. The Association of Self-employed Artists decides which professional organizations will have the right to send representatives to the Commissions for each specific cultural sector. In the Strategy of Cultural Development this process was described as a process of "professionalisation" and "de-etatisation", where the decision-making would be detached from the direct control of the Ministry of Culture, because the Culture Councils, consisting of independent experts, would have decision-making power. In order to overcome the challenges of highly centralized decision-making, and with the aim of including civil society representatives in cultural policy-making, in 2001 the Parliament adopted the Law on Cultural Councils. 4, Council of Europe Publishing. In practise, ministers of culture, even though they had the right to approve or deny the Commission’s decisions, have not exercised this right and have never overturned the decisions taken by the Commission. In spite of resistance from many quarters, civil society is actually engaged in policy formulation, through a variety of formal and informal approaches. Ultimately, the example of the disputes over the rights of self-employed artists, where the professional associations were not willing to accept any changes, and where the government decided to cut existing benefits without introducing any substitute measures, shows that a more democratic way of reaching strategic decisions has yet to be embraced. Using survey, interview, and document review techniques, this crossnational study explored the potential In the article The role of civil society in the policy-making process, Vesna Čopič describes the process of adopting decisions in the public sector which principally requires the cooperation of three major interest groups: i.e. The second group consists of arts’ organizations established by professional artists. (ibid). Through some examples of cultural policy-making in Croatia, this paper will show that there are still great disparities in the level of the involvement of civil society and while some institutional involvement existed well before the early 1990s and the democratic changes, at the same time the informal process of consultation with civil society has not yet been adopted as the most effective way for making important strategic decisions in the cultural policy field. Čopič, Vesna 2002. The role of civil society in the policy making process; article published in a special bilingual supplement (Romanian/English) of 2 Magazine in Romania. build networks with like-minded stakeholders, so that civil society can play a stronger role in important policy processes, such as the national budget process. Les points communs des cultures. Civil society's ability to influence government policy will come under discussion later this month in the Scottish city of Glasgow at the CIVICUS World Assembly (Jun. (, 2.3. Les points communs des cultures, Internet-Zeitschrift für Kulturwissenschaften. The fact that the representatives of civil society were given certain responsibilities which were not accompanied by adequate logistical support, proves that the civil society is still regarded more as a "decoration" that can offer legitimacy to policy-makers’ decisions rather than as an equal partner in the decision-making process. 2.3. This law puts self-employed artists in a somewhat privileged position compared to artists holding permanent jobs in public institutions or other self-employed individuals in the Republic of Croatia, but the Law is particularly interesting for this analysis, because the artists and professional organizations have an almost exclusive right to decide which artists will be granted this status. This was well articulated by Charles Landry and François Matarasso in their reflections on the most important strategic dilemmas in cultural policy. In fact, the amount earmarked in the budget for the social and health benefits was drastically reduced, so that today those benefits can be labelled as "symbolic" rather than substantive. Through some examples, this paper has attempted tried to assess the importance and the role that civil society plays in cultural policy making in Croatia. He espoused the crucial role of civil society as the contributor of the cultural and ideological capital required for the survival of the hegemony of capitalism. The protesters demanded that artistic creativity obtain a special status within the fiscal system, since "artwork is of general public significance". The Role of Civil Society in Policy Formulation and Service Provision recognized that real advancement can be made in development efforts. Čopič, Vesna 2002. Tìm kiếm role of civil society organisation in policy making and development , role of civil society organisation in policy making and development tại 123doc - Thư viện trực tuyến hàng đầu Việt Nam Members of the cultural councils are appointed by the Government that selects seven candidates based on recommendations from relevant art and cultural organizations and associations. 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