As central authority weakened, the north-western frontiers, left unprotected, attracted foreign invasions. The Later Mughal Rulers (1707 A.D.-1857 A.D.): Rise of independent states in the 18th century: With the decline of the Mughal Empire a number of provinces seceded from the empire and several independent states came into existence. The emperors were too weak to control them. Aurangzeb's religious policy The Mughal Empire owes its decline and ultimate downfall to a combination of factors; firstly Aurangzeb's religious policy is regarded as a cause for the decline of the Mughal Empire as it led to disunity among the people. Aurangzeb’s campaigns in the Deccan region decreased his military and financial power. Aurangzeb inherited a large empire, yet he adopted a policy of extending it further to the farthest geographical limits in the south at the great expense of men and materials. In the absence of any fixed rule of succession, the Mughal dynasty was always plagued after the death of a king by a civil war between the princes. Thousands of trained soldiers and hundreds of capable military commanders and efficient and tried officials were killed. Wars of Succession: The Mughals did not follow any law of succession like the law of primogeniture. The accession of weak rulers at the center made them strong contenders for power. The war of successions, rebellions and luxurious style of living had depleted the once enormous treasury and had led to financial bankruptcy. The reason why the ottoman empire started to decline was because they started to lose its economic and military influence in Europe starting in the 1600s. Discuss the factors that led to the decline of Mughal Empire. Many of the emperors neglected even the art of fighting. Worst of all, the nobility got divided into fictions. What factors led to cultural blending in Mughal India?-migration-pursuit of religious freedom or conversion-trade-conqust. Within a short time, Farrukhshiyar was blinded and killed pitilessly by the kingmakers. Body-Discuss in points about the reasons as to why the Mughal empire declined. Aurangzeb was a strong contributing factor to the decline of the Mughal empire. Causes of decline Historians have offered numerous explanations for the rapid collapse of the Mughal Empire between 1707 and 1720, after a century of growth and prosperity. Beginning of the decline of the Mughal Empire can be traced to the strong rule of Aurangzeb. Privacy Policy More unworthy men were made Emperors. Many ruined peasants formed roving bands of robbers and adventurers, often under the leadership of the zamindars, and thus undermined law and order and the efficiency of the Mughal administration. F.Answer the following questions briefly. i. Aurangzeb made an attempt to reverse the secular policy by imposing the jizyah (tax imposed on non-Muslim people), destroying many of the Hindu temples in the north, and putting certain restrictions on the Hindus. This exposed the weakness of the […] What are the main causes for the Downfall of the Mughal Empire in India? His absence from the north for long 26 years was his biggest blunder. In reality, the existing means of communication and the economic and political structure of the country made it difficult to establish a stable centralized administration over all parts of the country. Hyderabad: The contemporary historian Khafi Khan wrote: “In the brief reign of Jahnder, violence had full sway. The stability of the Emperor depended on the support of the people. Though the Ottoman Empire persisted for 600 years, it succumbed to what most historians describe as a long, slow decline, despite efforts to modernize. The fratricidal wars among the brothers were of a more serious nature. The strongest supporters of the empire became its worst enemies Rajput war threw the Empire into turmoil, pointing to serious consequences. Most historians of the Mughal empire currently emphasize economic factors in their attempts to locate and measure the causes of imperial decline in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century India. Disclaimer Finally, the foreign invasions completely shattered the economy. Copyright. These later Mughal Emperor are weak and worthless. Of course, the spirit of nationalism did not exist in Europe as well at that time but the European states like France, Spain and England had grown up into str… Communications were difficult. Not all the nobles, however, bad become weak and inefficient. Rs. The Origins of Mughal Empire The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur, a Central Asian ruler who was descended from the Turko-Mongol conqueror Timur on his father's side and from the Mongol ruler Genghis Khan, on his mother's side.He was thrown from his ancestral domains in Central Asia, and turned to India to find a place to settle. i. Ask for details ; Follow Report by Inezaolivia25 25.09.2019 Log in to add a comment The emperors helplessly saw the reduction of their territory to a very small area around Delhi. The Maratha War in the Deccan continued till the death of Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb’s absence from the north for over 25 years and his failure to subdue the Marathas led to deterioration in administration; this undermined the prestige of the Empire and its army. Lack of finance made it difficult to maintain a large number of army. In their struggle for power, they took recourse to force, fraud, and treachery. India was primarily a land of the Hindus. ANS: Yes this was one of the main reasons for the decline of Mughal Empire. These three empires all had military strength, Sovereign Pride, Religious commitment, and Aesthetic sophistication in common to varying degrees. Various factors which led to the decline of Mughal Empire were:  After Aurangzeb’s death, Mughal Empire saw various wars of succession which made the empire weak. What led to the decline of the Mughal Empire?-Shah Jahan used heavy taxes to built monuments instead of building roads and canals for farmers Aurangzeb was neither weak nor degenerate. The Mughal Empire broke down because of such successors. The Mughal state in the days of Akbar, Jahangir, and Shahjahan was basically a secular state. Discuss the factors that led to the decline of Mughal Empire. The Empire lost men and money endlessly. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. Subsequently, most of them became corrupt and led a lavish lifestyle at the expense of the state treasury. Its stability was essentially founded on the policy of noninterference with the religious beliefs and customs of the people, fostering of friendly relations between Hindus and Muslims. The decline of the Mughal empire is usually considered to begin late in the reign of the emperor Aurangzib (1658–1707). Beginning of the decline of the Mughal Empire can be traced to the strong rule of Aurangzeb. 3. At its height the Mughal Empire was amongst the most powerful states on the globe. Thus, the army, the ultimate sanction of an empire, and the pride of the Great Mughals, was so weakened that it could no longer curb the ambitious chiefs and nobles or defend the Empire from foreign aggression. The Mughal Empire flourished under the Great Mughals, the first of whom was Babur and the last Aurangzeb. Mughal Empire faced crisis caused by a number of factors towards the end of the seventeenth century. Earlier, many able persons from the lower classes had been able to rise to the ranks of nobility, thus infusing fresh blood into it. He possessed great ability and capacity for work. What are the four causes of the fall of the Mughal Empire? the later Mughal nobility showed the worst vices of court life. This exposed the weakness of the […] The major weakness of the Mughal nobility during the 18th century lay, not in the decline in the average ability of the nobles or their moral decay, but in their selfishness and lack of devotion to the state and this, in turn, gave birth to corruption in administration and mutual bickering. This course covers the Ottoman, Savafid and Mughal empires, from the rise of Ottoman rule in the mid 1400’s to the dawn of modernity in the Middle East … Their characters have destroyed the empire to a large extent. The Safavids gave up on the smart way of doing that and there is a lesson there for empires in general." The Mughal Empire reached its greatest extent in the time of Aurangzeb Alamgir, but it collapsed with dramatic suddenness within a few decades after his death. The Mughal Empire at its zenith commanded resources unprecedented in Indian history and covered almost the entire subcontinent. 5. It's a balancing act. Recent articles reiterate a standard set of tensions: those between monarch, military and service nobles (mansabdars), landholders (zamindars), and peasants. The Mughal empire came to an inglorious end. The Inspiration, which was seen among the Jats, Bundelas, Sikhs, Rajputs and Marathas, was not seen among the Mughals. The decline mostly came from pressure from European trade companies, and from competition among heirs motivated by harem politics. Motor Corporation, 2010). Mughal Empire : Slowly the regional satraps proclaimed independence against a weak Emperor. Essay on the causes of the decline of Mughal Empire. Administration declined in Northern India .provincial rulers felt bold to defy the center. Analyze the factors that led to the decline of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires. As central authority weakened, the north-western frontiers, left unprotected, attracted foreign invasions. The decline of the empire was evident. The empire continued to expand during Shah Abbas's reign but after his death, the dynasty gradually lost its vigor. T he Decline and Fall of the Safavid Empire is at NYUAD on September 14 from 6.30pm to 8pm and is open to the public. If the Emperor’s person declined or his policy turned wrong, the Empire was bound to suffer. The armies of the later Mughals had no vigor, courage or capability for bigger military role. All answers must be in your own words. Hope it is helpful to you .. Aurangzeb’s objective of unifying the entire country under one central political authority was, though justifiable in theory, not easy in practice. rajput. Besides this, the Mughal rulers spent lavishly on buildings and monuments. His religious regulations became painful to Hindus. During the time of Aurangzeb, the Mughal Empire had expanded to reach its maximum size. What factors led to the fall of the Mughal empire in India? The story of such tragedies continued. He came to the throne after the bloody battle with other brothers. They could not save the Empire from rapid decline. The Mughal court consisted of four groups of nobles, the Turanis, the Iranis, the Afghans and the Indian born Muslims. Controlling in Management # Meaning, Definition, Types, Process, Steps and Techniques. Dr. Bipan Chandra has contended that the absence of political nationalism among the people was an important socio-political cause of the downfall of the Mughal Empire. Nader Shah from Persia, imheriting Persia from the Safavid dynasty led a force on Mughal Emperor, Muhammad Shah who was his host for a prolonged period & whom he humiliated, looting the Mughal treasury. They showed that the peasantry was deeply dissatisfied with feudal oppression by Zamindars, nobles, and the state. E.g However, the causes of the Decline of the Mughal Empire started from the period of 1707 AD onwards when Aurangzeb took over as the Mughal Emperor. The Empire therefore began to sink under its own weight. The Americans are now supposedly in decline. Mughals ruled India for almost 350 years. The Indians did not have the ideal of living and dying for the nation. What were the causes behind it? There were numerous reasons that led to the fall of such a great dynasty. They became lazy and luxurious. Economic hardships grew much worse under heavy taxes and revolts were started by discontent citizens. Moreover, these civil wars loosened the administrative fabric of the Empire. Using Oxford University Press Class 8 solutions Decline of the Mughal Empire exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. However the Mughals lost their empire and their power, long before its formal abolition in 1858. Though the Ottoman Empire persisted for 600 years, it succumbed to what most historians describe as a long, slow decline, despite efforts to modernize. For a Mughal Prince, there were only two alternatives, namely, either the throne or the coffin. But the character of the nobility had also deteriorated. Their territories were tempting to foreign armies and companies alike. The mutual quarrels exhausted the Empire, affected its cohesion, led to its dismemberment, and, in the end, made it an easy prey to foreign conquerors. Aurangzeb’s religious policy weakened the foundation of the empire. 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