Castes in principle refer to division of people into group on the basis of birth and giving particular privileges to some groups and denying similar privileges to others. The caste of an individual was decided by his birth. Caste system is a social evil that is present in the Indian society since the ancient times. 3. There are two different perspectives for its origin in the country. As per the Hindu theologians, on the other hand, the system initiated with Brahma, the Hindu God who is known as the creator of the universe. The word caste comes from 'Casta' a portugese word & it means difference in birth a race. As Varna system degenerated into caste system, a lot of discrimination was done on the basis of caste. These groups (i.e. The concept is said to be 3,000 years old and distinguishes people based on their dharma (duty) and karma (work). Here is your short paragraph on changing caste system in India! The first school of thought is based on the ideological factors and as per this, caste system finds its base in four Varnas. Annihilation of Caste, Introduction: The caste system in India has existed from ancient times, however as time passed and we entered into the medieval period, early-modern period and then finally in today’s modern period, it has established its presence permanently. Caste as a system of social stratification was an encompassing system in the past. In connection to democracy three things are happening to which caste system is also closely related: 1. Each caste, motivated to preserve its characteristic ways of life, imposed various social and economic restrictions on interac­tion with others. A number of social evils have been prevalent in the Indian society since centuries and caste system is one of them. Share with your friends. There are thousands of Jatis and these are generally determined by the traditional occupation of a community. Write a note on creamy layer. However, in the 20th century, this theory was dismissed as it was stated that Aryans never invaded the country. Caste provides wealth, power and status to specific groups but democracy provides equal chance to all categories irrespective of bias. The BBC explains its complexities. }); Copyright White Planet Technologies Pvt. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Brahmins’ superiority and various restrictions imposed on the low caste Hindus that came to be attacked, starting with Buddha and later on by various Bhagtas after the initiation of Bhakti movement. The term is most commonly associated with treatment of the Dalit communities in the Indian subcontinent who were considered "polluting". Report a Violation, Caste Panchayats: Short Paragraph on Caste Panchayats. The rulers of medieval, early modern and modern India moulded it to suit their convenience. This dynasty was an ardent patron of ‘Brahminism’. In Hinduism's caste system, Dalits are traditionally at the bottom rung. Ever since its introduction, caste system has persisted and expanded, with assimilation of new elements, to form new castes. However, the concept has been moulded and evolved over the centuries by those in power. As we all know that in 19th-century women discrimination and caste system was two main evil practices in the Indian society and the discrimination both women and untouchables were undoubtedly worst. The Brahmins or Kshatriyas did not do the trade and commerce. However, it still impacts the religious, social and political lives of the people in the country. People have been divided in four different categories of class – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. It is said that Aryans introduced this system to have control over people and make things work more systematically. In the ancient times, the communities followed the class system stringently. Image Guidelines 5. India has been under the clutches of the evil caste system since the ancient period though the exact origin of this system isn’t known as there are different theories that state different stories about its initiation. Share 2. By the Gupta period (300 A.D. to 500 A.D), the caste system became very rigid and the ascendancy of Brahmins over all other castes came to be established. It is a system of social stratification , and a basis for action . container: 'taboola-right-rail-thumbnails', class refers to people based on property, business, occupation i.e. Inter-caste marriages were strictly forbidden. In connection to democracy three things are happening to which caste system is also closely related: 1. Today, this system has become the basis of reservation in education and jobs. Caste System: The caste system was also one of the social evils in India which discriminate a people on the basis of class. Caste system in India has been prevalent since the ancient times. Merchants, traders and farmers come under the Vaishya category and are said to have come from His thighs and the labour class forms a part of the fourth category that is the Shudras – these are said to have come from Brahma’s feet. These apparently came from God’s arms. Many later rulers also were from different castes, such as the Madurai Nayaks, Balijas (traders) that ruled from 1559 to 1739. As per Manusmriti, the most significant book on the Hindu laws, Varna system came into being to establish order and regularity in the society. Next in line are the Kshatriyas who are the rulers and warriors. This perspective was common among the post-colonial era scholars. The Hindus were at this time divided into numerous castes (jatis). All castes were found in a village. According to Mazumdar & Madan – 'Caste is a closed class' i.e. But by the mid of 19 th century due to the impact of British rule on this hierarchically segregated system was complex. Short note on caste hierarchy 2 See answers ANIRAG00 ANIRAG00 Answer: Historically, the caste system is based on the jobs adopted by the person based on birth. The roots of the caste system go back to the ancient Vedas dividing people on the basis of varna or occupation. As per one theory, the Varna system initiated in the country as the Aryans arrived here in around 1500 BC. A post graduate in English Literature, writing comes naturally to her and she is doing what she does best - writing and editing. The women on those times were not only exploited but also treated as a … The caste system is a system of division of labour and power in human society. The second school of thought is based on the socio-economic factors and as per this the system is rooted in the political, economic and material history of India. Loosely, it means that in some societies, if your parents are poor, you’re going to be poor, too. India was subjected to racial invasion one after another. It is then that the quota system was introduced for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. Though not as stringent as in the earlier times, even today a lot of discrimination is done based on a person’s caste. It largely determined his profession as also his social loyalties. This all was the impact and outcome of the caste system. The word "Dalit " means "oppressed" or "broken" and is the name members of this group gave themselves in the 1930s. It was a system that kept them away from lower caste people. It has brought many evils in the society. This system is known as caste system wherein your social status gets decided by birth. A Kshatriya is a ruler or warrior under the Hindu caste system. Thus emerged new and new castes, as well as the division of castes into sub-castes. Log in. It means all caste groups without any consideration of high/low must participate in giving their vote. The concept has undergone certain changes over the centuries and is not as stringent as it was in the earlier times. This school of thought categorises people based on their caste, which is determined by the traditional occupation of their community. There is a fifth class called Dalits. Mostly developed in ancient times but is still present in India. No one, willingly or even unwillingly can escape from its shackles. Log in. They stand at the top of the hierarchy and it is believed that they came from Brahma’s head. Caste System in India divides people into four different categories – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. So the people of one village did not need to go to another village to fulfill their wants. The definition of the Varna System of the later Vedic Period underwent a huge change with time. But the (caste) system re­mained rigid till the Britishers started, in the last quarter of the 19th century and first quarter of the 20th century, the process of industrialisa­tion and with it urbanisation, and spread of education, and the social ideologies preached by great scholars like Ramakrishna, Vivekananda, Gandhi, etc., attacked the caste system. Jati is generally derived from the trade or occupation of the community, and is known to be hereditary. Join now. The Shudras … There was reciprocal system of exchange goods and services. Caste system is a hereditary classification of people in a society, distinguishing people by relative degree of social prestige or status. _taboola.push({ These comprise of the street sweepers or cleaners. They were social outcasts because they could not belong to any caste and did menial jobs. castes) according to the service they provided to (or in) the society. As per Varna system, people were broadly divided into four different categories. The caste system was not absolute during much of Indian history. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-6070398767421094"; In India, the caste system developed and is prevalent since ancient times and it remains as a … It was this rigidity. /* India Celebrating_300*250_New */ Hence, a rigid one replaced the flexible Varna system. Due to political reasons where castes constitute vote banks for parties; the reservation system is still intact in the country. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});